Details For Cover ID# 29119

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Cover Type: USA domestic with stamp(s)
Entered by: dwsnow
Added on:Jun 19, 21
Edited on:Jun 20, 21
 
Postmark: Sep 3, 1861
Origin: Stockton, California, UNITED STATES
Destination: Geneva, New York, UNITED STATES
 
Description:

The only recorded Pony Express cover datestamped at Stockton, California, carried by riverboat to San Francisco by "Chips" Hodgkins.

Wells Fargo & Company Pony Express, $1.00 Red (143L3). Position L3 (shows white flaw in scroll line above "CO."), full even margins, bright shade, tied by mostly clear strike of blue "Wells, Fargo & Co., Stockton, Sep. 3" double-oval datestamp on 10¢ Green on Buff Star Die entire (U33) with Wells Fargo & Company printed red frank, addressed to Mrs. Caroline Taylor, care of Mrs. Mary R. Stow, Geneva, New York, red "T. Robinson Bours & Co., Bankers, Stockton" red oval handstamp, carried on the Pony trip that departed San Francisco on Wednesday, September 4, 1861, and arrived in St. Joseph on September 17, entered the mails with strike of "St. Joseph Mo. Sep. 17" circular datestamp.

After Wells Fargo & Company became involved in the operation of the Pony Express in April 1861, their offices began acting as feeder lines to the Pony Express. Examples of Pony Express covers with markings of Wells Fargo offices that were not actually located on the route, such as this example, are rare.

Stockton is located on the San Joaquin River east of San Francisco--the trip by riverboat in 1861 took about eight hours. At this time the Wells Fargo riverboat messenger in Stockton was Pilsbury "Chips" Hodgkins (1825-1892). Mail for the Pony Express left Stockton at 6:00 a.m. on Wednesdays and Saturdays, in order to reach San Francisco in time for the eastbound departures. This cover was datestamped on Tuesday, September 3, and presumably was carried by Hodgkins on that day or the next morning. The $1.00 Red stamp paid the Pony Express rate, and the entire with the red frank paid the Wells Fargo charge for service to San Francisco.

Ex Kramer, Vogel, Salzer.   Frajola-Kramer-Walske Census E154A. 2009 P.F. certificate.

Owner's ID: 2481
 
Certificate? Yes
For Sale? No
Stampless? No
Stamps:Stamp images are from reference catalog. Click image to view at larger resolution.