Details For Cover ID# 29110

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Cover Type: USA domestic with stamp(s)
Entered by: dwsnow
Added on:Jun 13, 21
Edited on:Jun 13, 21
 
Postmark: Nov 18, 1863
Origin: Ipswich, Massachusetts, UNITED STATES
Destination: Boston, Massachusetts, UNITED STATES
 
Description:

Blue "Ipswich, Mass. Nov. 18" (1863) circular datestamp on blue cover franked with 1861 3c rose (65) with pen cancel to street address in Boston, Mass.

Original letter datelined "Ipswich Nov. 18, 63" from a young lady to her mother mentions that board at her school, the Ipswich Female Seminary, cost $2.50 per week. She asks her mother to send her $21.00. The school was run since 1844 by Eunice Caldwell Cowles, an Ipswich graduate, and her husband John P. Cowles, a minister. The letter mentions Mrs. Cowles.

At the Ipswich Female Seminary, founded in 1828, pupils were not accepted based on examination, but, if of suitable age, upon application, and then classed according to their abilities and attainments, their own and their parents’ views, and their probable future course of life.

The school's focus was on preparing girls for careers as teachers and missionaries. It offered a "rigorous curriculum", including study of English, arithmetic, geography, chemistry, human physiology, history, the natural sciences, religion, vocal music, and calisthenics, and placed an emphasis on "standards of personal conduct and discipline". The institution had a chemical laboratory and a good philosophical cabinet and apparatus.

The institution was supported by tuition, with very little aid from other sources. Special benefactions for deserving scholars were a frequent occurrence; but of invested funds, the institution never had a dollar. The charges for board, and for tuition in all departments, were uniformly moderate. Simplicity in dress, in manners, and in character, was assiduously and successfully cultivated. The teachers thus aimed to bring the advantages of the school within the reach of young women born, not to affluence, but to exertion.

The pupils were accommodated in private boarding-houses, from four to twelve ordinarily in one family. Teachers encouraged students in questioning and analysis, in addition to comprehension. As part of their preparation, students did practice teaching with guidance from a teacher. Upon the completion of the established and liberal course of study, students were graduated with public exercises and a diploma.

The custom of giving diplomas to young women on their completing a regular and prescribed course of study, was introduced by the founder of the school, and for years was the only school for young women in which this practice was adopted. The Academy was suspended in the fall of in 1876, due to the increasing availability of public schools, which had reduced the need for educational institutions of this type.

Source: Public Documents of Massachusetts, Vol. 1, for the year 1876, Ipswich Female Seminary, by Rev. John P. Cowles, Principal, published by the Secretary of the Commonwealth, 1877.

Owner's ID: 2474
 
Certificate? No
For Sale? No
Stampless? No
Stamps:Stamp images are from reference catalog. Click image to view at larger resolution.
[SNS 18] SNS# 18 [1861 3¢ Rose - USA Stamps 1861-1865 Issue]