Details For Cover ID# 28959

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Cover Type: Foreign origin, inbound to USA with foreign stamp(s)
Entered by: frajola
Added on:Nov 26, 20
Edited on:Nov 26, 20
Postmark: Dec 8, 1864
Origin: Glasgow, UNITED KINGDOM
Destination: POW Camp, Elmira, New York, UNITED STATES

1864 Mourning cover and original letter to the Captain in charge of the Prisoner's Camp at Elmira, NY, franked with 1s, plate 1, tied by Glasgow DE 8 1864 duplex cancel, Portland ME Paid Dec 27 exchange office arrival and "21 Cents" credit hs, matching black-bordered letter (see transcript) thanking Captain George Whiton for his kindness to writer's brother in law, George Cameron of VA, while he was a prisoner in Elmira and mentions he has arranged for a friend to purchase a thank you gift, cover defects, ctwo corners patched and part of back missing, most unusual contents (and two very different stories as shown below)

letter to Sec of War Stanton regarding George Cameron:

Solicitor’s Office
Novr 15th 1864

Hon E.M. Stanton
Secretary of War

George Cameron was captured as a prisoner of war at Petersburg, in arms with the forces of the Confederates. He now asserts that he is a neutral British subject, and that he was forced into the rebel service against his will. His assertion is not accompanied by any proofs.

If Mr. Cameron was in fact a neutral British subject, and denizen of the Confederate States, at the commencement of our civil war, he had a right to withdraw from the belligerent territory, within a reasonable time, and would have preserved by such withdrawal his claim to be regarded as a neutral alien by the United States. Having voluntarily remained a denizen of the Confederate States, and having thereby subjected himself to the control of rebels in arms claiming a de facto right to enforce their municipal law, he has lost his right to be treated by the United States as a subject of her Majesty, not only by such voluntary continuance of residence, but by engaging in active hostilities: which he might have avoided by leaving the country in due season.

Being thus captured as a prisoner of war, he may be lawfully held or exchanged as such: but as it appears from his own statement that he was forced into the rebel army against his will and against is written protest, and that he is willing to leave the United States to go to Scotland, not to return to any of the Confederate States, or in any wise to aid or abet the rebellion in the United States or elsewhere; and as he proposes to give security accordingly, -- I recommend that Mr. Cameron be discharged, providing that he shall first make it appear upon satisfactory evidence that he is bona fide, a British subject, and was compelled to take up arms on behalf of the rebels against his will and under protest; and further that he shall give his sworn parole not to aid or abet the rebellion in the United States of elsewhere, directly or indirectly, or any person or persons sympathizing therewith; and to proceed with reasonable dispatch to Scotland, and not to return to any state in rebellion during the present war; and give bond in the sum of 15,000.$, with two sureties, approved by the Attorney of the United States in the Southern District of New York, for the faithful performance of his parole.

Very respectfully yours
Your obedient Servant
William Whiting
Solicitor of the War Department

VAgenweb source says this:

Although deeply engrossed in business for many years, Mr. Cameron did not forget his duty to the public, and during the war with the states volunteered for service in the Confederate army, and was taken prisoner in the engagement before Petersburg June 9, 1864. With others he was conveyed to Point Lookout, Maryland, and later transferred to Elmira, New York. There he was paroled and returned to his home, by way of Savannah, Georgia, in October, 1864. Mr. Cameron has long been one of the most active and influential members of the Presbyterian Church South, and while he is not a voter, he has always been a firm supporter of the Democratic party. Since 1866 he has been identified with the Masonic fraternity, whose benevolent principles are an exemplification of his own character.

The above in addition to the following which links the letter-writer, George Campbell, with George Cameron:

George Cameron, son of Alexander and Elizabeth (Grant) Cameron, was born April 23, 1839, in Dreggie, near Grantown, and came to Virginia with his mother at the age of only two years. When he was ten years old he returned to Scotland, for his education. In Petersburg, his elder brothers were engaged in the manufacture of tobacco with the late David Dunlop, and in this way he became interested in that business at the age of fifteen years. Since the early age above mentioned, Mr. Cameron has been most actively identified with the tobacco business, and has come into control of many widely separated depots for handling this product. With great natural ability, and possessed of the traits peculiar to his people, he made rapid progress in business while yet a boy, and in 1862, at the age of twenty-three years, he became a partner in the firm of Cameron & Crawford, and later in the firm of William Cameron & Brother, at Petersburg, Virginia, and the firm of Alexander Cameron & Company, at Richmond. In the pursuit of this industry, business houses were established in Australia in order to readjust business arrangements in that far continent, which had been severely interrupted by the war. Australia and India were among the largest consumers of the tobacco manufactured by the Cameron concern. Upon the return of William Cameron, in 1866, other branches were established, namely: William Cameron & Brother, at Petersburg, Virginia; Alexander Cameron & Company, at Louisville and Henderson, Kentucky; and George Campbell & Company, Liverpool and London. The owners in these concerns were William Cameron, Alexander Cameron, George Cameron, Robert Dunlop, and George Campbell, the last two being husbands of the sisters of Mr. George Cameron.

Owner's ID: 575
Certificate? No
For Sale? No
Stampless? No