Details For Cover ID# 28549

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Cover Type: USA domestic with stamp(s)
Entered by: frajola
Added on:Apr 10, 20
Edited on:Apr 12, 20
 
Postmark: Oct 19, 1865
Origin: Hillsboro, North Carolina, UNITED STATES
Destination: Aiken, South Carolina, UNITED STATES
 
Description:

[the Citadel] James B. White, Major in command of cadets at the Battle of Tulifinny, A.L.S., Oct 19, 1865, 1 1/4p on Hillsborough N.C. Military Academy illustrated lettersheet with original U.S. 3c pink entire used with Hillsboro N.C. postmark, letter and cover addressed to Lt. Amory Coffin at Aiken, S.C.

envelope here: https://www.rfrajola.com/2k20/4870b.jpg

Notes about the sender and writer found online:

James Benjamin White:
Born in Georgetown County, South Carolina in 1828. In 1845, at the age of 17, J. B. White matriculated to the Arsenal Academy in Columbia. After he completed his freshman year at the Arsenal, White continued his studies in Charleston at the old Citadel on Marion Square. White Graduated from The Citadel Academy with a degree in Mathematics in 1849.

After graduation, White continued his service to The Citadel, teaching math at the Arsenal campus in the early 1850s. Within the decade White had become a full time professor at the Citadel Campus. In 1861, state legislation was passed which established the “Officers and students of The Citadel and the Arsenal as a military corps entitled The Battalion of State Cadets,” In 1861, when Major White became the superintendent of the college at the age of 33, he in turn became the commander of The Battalion of State Cadets. 1861 also saw The Citadel cadets serve proudly in their famed Star of the West engagement as well as the Confederate siege and capture of Fort Sumter. Quickly, White’s responsibilities grew as he became responsible for not only producing college graduates; but also battle ready soldiers.

On more than one occasion, the cadets under the command of Major White were asked to deploy to military conflict around Charleston. Early on, the cadet forces were essentially used to construct forts and mount heavy guns. Once the battle preparation were completed, the cadets were sent back to school, where they resumed their studies. However, this arrangement did was not well received by the Corps.  The cadets knew that Charleston was under threat and they wanted to come to her aid. Soon, Major White was faced with a leader's nightmare as 36 of his cadets deserted The Citadel to join the Confederate army. The effect that the 36 had on the remaining cadets was profound.  Soon many more wanted to follow suit and because of this, Major White intervened. He explained the expectations that he had for the Corp and he inspired his cadets to not only meet, but exceed those expectations. Thanks to Major White the Corps returned to their duties with renewed passion.

The respect that the cadets had for Major White became paramount during the Battle of Tulifinny.  The Major commanded a force of both Arsenal and Citadel cadets. Under his direction the Battalion of State cadets, comprised of 15 to 22-year-old men, were able to repel an attack from a superior Union force.

Lt. Amory Coffin:
Adjutant, Battalion of State Cadets (The Citadel), South Carolina, Confederate States Army. Graduated from the Citadel, 1862. Enlisted in Co. B, Captain Edward L. Parker's South Carolina Light Artillery (Marion), April 28, 1862 (mustered in, June 6, 1862, as a Private. Later promoted to Sergeant Major.

In 1863, was appointed 2nd Lieutenant, Company A, Battalion of State Cadets (Citadel), Local Defense Troops. At the Citadel, during the war, Lt. Coffin was Assistant Professor of French and Drawing. Later appointed Adjutant. He was severely wounded in the head during the Battle at Tulifinny Trestle, SC on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad, December 7, 1864. Surrendered and paroled at Augusta, GA, May 18, 1865 (surrender of CSA General Johnston's forces at end of war).

According to his obituary, as a Cadet at the Citadel, "Mr. Coffin was in command of the squad which fired what was practically the first gun of the Civil War, an alarm gun to notify the batteries around Charleston that the US Steamer Star of the West had been sighted up the coast bound for the relief of Fort Sumter.

Owner's ID: 4870
 
Certificate? No
For Sale? Yes, for US$ 400.   Interested in this cover? Contact frajola.
Stampless? No
Stamps:Stamp images are from reference catalog. Click image to view at larger resolution.