Details For Cover ID# 28363

Click on cover image to view at full resolution.

Front Image Back Image

Cover Type: Foreign origin, inbound to USA stampless
Entered by: bridgemania
Added on:Aug 29, 19
Edited on:Aug 29, 19
 
Postmark: Jan 1, 1854 (Letter fully paid to US port witk AM.PKT.)
Origin: Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS
Destination: New York, New York, UNITED STATES
 
Description:

This folded letter originated in Amsterdam on 1 January 1854, and was addressed to New York. The routing instructions were the words "Per Liverpool Steamer of 4th January" written in the upper side. The letter was paid in cash 80 Dutch cents handwritten on backside. This amount paid all transit fees to the U.S. arrival port as confirmed by the “AMSTERDAM/(date)/FRANCO” datestamp.' The letter was sent to Moerdyk, the Dutch exchange office with the United Kingdom. Here a clerk marked on the left the credit to the United Kingdom of 1s, an amount equivalent to 60 Dutch cents, retaining 20 Dutch cents for the Netherlands fees. The credit included 8d (40 Dutch cents) sea postage and 4d (20 Dutch cents) British transit fee. I have made a tracing of the credit marking. The closed mail bag made up at Moerdyk was sent to London where it was opened on 7 January 1854, as shown by a 21 mm red circular datestamp on the right side, a datestamp that indicated the letter was paid. Since the London clerk decided to send the letter on the next steamer, which was an American packet, the 16¢ (8d) sea postage across the Atlantic that had been paid in the Netherlands was credited to the United States. This was done with a red crayon "16" written on the right. The British retained 4d or 20 Dutch cents. The letter was sent to Liverpool, where it was placed on board the Collins Lines steamship Atlantic, calling there for mail on 11 January and arriving at New York on 27 January 1854. (1) A New York exchange office clerk struck to the right a 31 mm black circular date-stamp, “5/(date)/N.YORK AM.PKT.” (2) This datestamp showed the date that the letter was processed, 27 January, that it was brought by an American packet, and that 5c postage was due. Since the letter was paid to the U.S. arrival port, the only postage remaining to be paid was the U.S. portion of 5¢ under the 1848 convention with the United Kingdom.

A similar letter (paid with adhesives) is shown in Richard Winter book “Understanding Transatlantic Mail Volume 2” fig.8-128 pg.700.

(1) Hubbard and Winter - North Atlantic Mail Sailings 1840-75 - pag.102. (2) Hubbard and Winter - North Atlantic Mail Sailings 1840-75 - pag.353, marking number 7.

 
Certificate? No
For Sale? Yes, for US$ 140.   Interested in this cover? Contact bridgemania.
Stampless? Yes