Details For Cover ID# 27164

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Cover Type: USA domestic with stamp(s)
Entered by: dwsnow
Added on:May 17, 18
Edited on:Jun 18, 19
Postmark: circa Dec 7, 1853
Origin: Waco Village, Texas, UNITED STATES
Destination: Washington, District of Columbia, UNITED STATES

"Waco Village Tex. Dec. 7" 31mm cds on 6c red on buff Nesbitt postal entire (#U12) to Commissioner of Pensions, Washington. D.C.  No contents, but probably originated from nearby Fort Graham, Texas, which did not have a post office of its own. This postmark is recorded used from 1853-54.

Very rare; only one other 6c red Nesbitt entire is known used from Texas, and the sender was also based at a military installation. Fort Graham was a pioneer fort established in 1849 by Brevet Major R.A. Arnold (Companies F and  I of the Second United States Dragoons) at the site of Jose Maria Village, an Anacada camp on the western edge of present-day Hill County, Texas. It remained in service until 1853, when settlements had moved further west. The fort was named after Colonel William M. Graham, who died at the Battle of Molina del Rey on September 8, 1847, in one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War.

Fort Graham was one of a line of seven army posts established in 1848-49 after the Mexican-American War to protect the settlers of western Texas.The fact that this cover is addressed to the Commissioner of Pensions in Washington, D.C. leads me to conclude that it was probably sent by an officer based at Fort Graham, most likely in 1853, just before the fort closed.

Waco Village was established by Jacob De Cordova, a Texas politician and colonizer, in 1849. He named the village for the Waco Indians, a sub-tribe of the Wichita, who had an agricultural village on the site before being evicted in the 1830s. In August 1850 Waco Village was chosen as the county seat, or administrative center, of newly-created McLennan County, primarily because of De Cordova's efforts to develop government services for the public. De Cordova invited several notable citizens to move to the village, including Texas Ranger Shapley Prince Ross. Ross ran a ferry across the Brazos River as trade expanded. Ross also established Waco's first hotel in the 1850s, and served as the villager's postmaster for a time. Waco Village continued to develop as other settlers arrived in the area, becoming farmers, ranchers and plantation owners. The development of the cotton industry sped the growth of Waco Village in the 1850s. Waco Village post office was established in 1850, and in 1866 it was renamed Waco.

Owner's ID: 1977
Certificate? No
For Sale? No
Stampless? No
Stamps:Stamp images are from reference catalog. Click image to view at larger resolution.