Details For Cover ID# 26070

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Cover Type: Foreign (other)
Entered by: dwsnow
Added on:Aug 8, 17
Edited on:Aug 9, 17
Postmark: circa Jul 5, 1860
Origin: Rattenberg, Tyrol, AUSTRIA
Destination: Innsbruck, Tyrol, AUSTRIA

Austria 1858 5 kreuzer red type II (#9) tied by "Rattenberg. 5 Jul." double circle datestamp, on folded cover to Innsbruck. "Innsbruck 5/7" circular arrival datestamp on back. There are no letter contents.

Paid the 5 kreuzer rate up to 10 meilen (post-miles) per loth effective Nov 1 1858. This second issue of stamps was valid until 31 May 1864. This 1858-59 issue of typographed stamps features an embossed head of Emperor Franz Josef.

One Austrian post-mile (meilen) = 4,000 klafter or 24,000 feet, equal to 4.7144 miles in the United States.
The distance from Rattenberg to Innsbruck on modern roads is 47 km (29 miles), which corresponds to the 5 kr rate (up to 47 miles). Rattenberg is east-northeast (almost east) of Innsbruck.

Rattenberg is a town on the Inn River in the western Austrian state of Tyrol near Rattenberg mountain and Innsbruck. It is the smallest town in Tyrol. The proximity of a mountain to the south of the town means that Rattenberg, like many villages nested in steep sided valleys throughout the Tyrol region of the Alps, receives no direct sunlight for much of the winter. It is one of the few places at a significant southerly latitude that experiences a prolonged period without direct sunlight.
Rattenberg has been known for its glass making. Its abundance of crystal glass shops continue the tradition of craftsmanship.

On the back is a 32mm private circular marking that is thought to be contemporary with the cover.
TYROLER = Tyrolean
ACT GESELLSCHAFT = Aktiengesellschaft = Tyrolean joint stock company or incorporated company.
Inner arc at bottom: BETRIEBS DIRECTION = operations management.

The outer arc at bottom says IN ACHENRAIN = location of the office. On modern maps Achenrain is the name of a road just north of Rattenberg, on the north side of the Inn River, going to the nearby towns of Mariatal and Kramsach. Achenrain could have been the location of a mine that was worked out and abandoned.

The crossed hammers and its variants are are a universal geological symbol. The blunt hammer is a small sledge, and the pointed hammer is a rock pick. A variation of this symbol is used on topographic and geologic maps to indicate location of a quarry or mine.

This symbology suggests that the company that sent this cover was involved in mining, quarrying or minerals exploration (whether actively at the time or as part of its origin). The fact that the Rattenberg area was involved in glass-making suggests quarrying; glass is made from quartz sand or sandstone.

Translation and interpretation courtesy of Michael Schreiber and John Barwis.

Owner's ID: 1588
Certificate? No
For Sale? No
Stampless? No