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Posted Jan 9, 21 12:25 by Nick Kirke (nick kirke)


Hard to believe I no longer live and breathe exhibits. No panic attacks, no worries about manic judges out to get me. Yes, it will soon be a year. Got to be some positive benefits. Ha, the material is one year older. Maybe some judges will have forgotton what they didn`t like. Yes, maybe not so bad to have had a break. I have had a year of intensive buying without thinking about how material might fit into the exhibit. Something of a straightjacket removed.

It will be such fun to travel again - I have so missed the familiar smiles. You guys are just so friendly and hospitable. When I visit a US stamp show it`s like I am part of something very special.

Posted Jan 9, 21 12:16 by steven frumkin (sfrumkin)


I prefer 'usages' to 'uses' for the same reason I don't like words like 'homage'.

Words that can be pronounced more than one way interrupt the narrative flow, especially when one is presenting data on a subject that may be totally unknown to the person reading it.

Posted Jan 9, 21 12:04 by John Walsh (john walsh)


Which title is correct:

An exhibit of George Washington 2c brown denomination uses on exhibition envelopes.


An exhibit of George Washington 2c brown denomination usages on exhibition envelopes.

Thanks. John.

Posted Jan 9, 21 11:49 by Basil Copeland (basilc)

Grammar suggestions

Thanks for all the replies. Ken knows I am working on a exhibit of the Victory, VT, WWII patriotic covers, and I'll do a lot of review and editing based on his remarks. His remark about using subjunctives helps me to work through a particular case I was having trouble with.

So again, thanks, Ken and all.


Posted Jan 9, 21 11:42 by John Walsh (john walsh)


I like: George Washington 2c brown stamp issued Oct. 01, 1883. The on are redundant. John

Posted Jan 9, 21 11:31 by Ken Lawrence (kenlawrence)

Passive preference

Prefer the passive voice when the principal feature is acted upon:

The 2¢ brown George Washington stamp was issued on October 1, 1883.

draws the reader's attention to the significant feature more smoothly than

On October 1, 1883, the Post Office Department issued the 2¢ brown George Washington stamp.

Posted Jan 9, 21 11:12 by Russ Ryle (hoosierboy)

Limited stomach for passive voice

Too much passive voice is like eating a second bowl of corn flakes for breakfast with no sugar or milk.

Posted Jan 9, 21 10:38 by Ken Lawrence (kenlawrence)

Mix it up

Besides voice, varying mood can help hold readers' and viewers' attention.

In addition to declarative clauses and sentences, include imperatives, interrogatives, and subjunctives.

Tell them: Pay close attention to subtle details of these postmarks. Ask: Who shifted the date slug in this cancel, how, and why? Suggest: If this cancel were genuine, it must have been struck by the postmaster; otherwise, it must be counterfeit.

Don't condescend. Recruit members of your audience to collaborate in analyzing your material.

Posted Jan 9, 21 10:02 by David Handelman (davidh)

exhibition grammar

Telegraph style conveys meaning effectively.

[Not that I use it much in my exhibits.]

Posted Jan 9, 21 9:00 by Michael Schreiber (michaelschreiber)

bulking up on the passive voice


You have it under control, I think. Write in the active voice, but as in all things, context is important.

Using the passive voice in English usually gets a bad rap. The passive voice is useful when a writer or speaker needs to change emphasis, to obscure something, to express tentativeness, to try to seem neutral, or simply to vary sentence structure.

If you bulk up on the passive voice, however, your writing will not be pretty, much like a steady diet of burgers and bread and chocolate.

"Call me Ishmael" could have been written "I am called Ishmael by you," but it was not, and the world is better for it.

Posted Jan 9, 21 8:41 by Chip Gliedman (cgliedman)

Passive Voice

Passive voice has been used by many to describe the items that have been exhibited. (see what I did there)

Don't use it. (no hard rule that I know of, but I would try to avoid it if at all possible)

First of all, it makes the text wordier and more obtuse:
Many use passive voice to describe exhibited items.
This is half as long and doesn't have the reader going back and forth to figure out the context.

Simple, clear, direct sentences are best. Another thing, remember that there may be non-native speakers reading the text. Make it as easy for them as possible to get the meaning.


By the way, there was a news report a while ago from our town about an incident where some (brilliant) dads tried to dry a kids' baseball field by pouring gasoline on it and lighting it. The local fire chief was quoted saying "Mistakes were made."

Posted Jan 9, 21 6:03 by David D'Alessandris (davidd)


Mike - thanks

Posted Jan 9, 21 5:25 by Michael Gutman (mikeg94)

New Hale Marking?

The marking you have found looks identical to PP-3 as it is composed of serifed letters and is PENNY POST PAID. If it is in fact a different size then it is a new marking. PPP markings were almost always applied at the point of origin. Hale carried his own mail from Portland to Boston and all but one of the letters on this route had no markings. Given the F-4 from Boston it is likely the marking was applied in Boston. While unlikely that the letter went through New Bedford it is vaguely possible as Hale used the fastest routes to carry his mail and Bates in New Bedford ran a regular service to New York City.....again unlikely.

Posted Jan 9, 21 5:24 by Basil Copeland (basilc)

A grammar question for exhibitors

This would be a good question to send off to "The Philatelic Exhibitor" but I imagine I might get a quicker response here.

Are there any specific conventions, expectations, or prejudices in exhibiting with respect to use of the active voice versus the passive voice? When I started out in academic writing 40+ years ago, while the passive voice was common it was being discouraged by the journal editors I worked with and I've grown uncomfortable writing in the passive voice. I've only done a couple of exhibits, and I've either sought workarounds when faced with this decision or if I can't find one have used the passive. But it still feels awkward to me.

To those of you with a lot more experience, I welcome your thoughts on this.


Posted Jan 8, 21 22:26 by Chip Gliedman (cgliedman)

page storage

Yes, what Gordon says.

Covers mounted on pages. Pages in Mylar sleeves. Stacks of sleeves in boxes.


Posted Jan 8, 21 21:18 by Gordon Eubanks (gordon)


I have always kept my pages in Atlantic Protective Pouches. This is a small business owner run that does nothing but archival-grade sleeves, pouches etc. I have always received great service and they make items to your specs ie size, the thickness of polyester etc.

Posted Jan 8, 21 20:09 by Leonard Hartmann (hartmann)

Storage Boxes

For exhibit or storage i always place a page in a Mylar (Melenex) pocket
We also have our boxes but only for 8.5 x 11 page size, the same
construciton as the old Hartmann luggage, ie Beach Wood frames

Posted Jan 8, 21 18:47 by Russ Ryle (hoosierboy)

Storage boxes

Chip and Gordon,

Do you use some sort of tissue or other sheets between the pages stacked in these boxes? Any need to protect the front of the mounted cover from the next page to atop of it?

Posted Jan 8, 21 18:16 by Bernard Biales (bernard b)

July, 1847

Gordon, Yes -- I had to worry about whether it was 12 or 21. It is 12 but I don't recall how I established that. Interestingly, Boston got the stamps before Philly, but I think the EKU at Boston is later. I would guess about two or three July uses known from Boston. There is also a wonderful stampless paid with integral ms rate. I think either Jim or Frank has it. A tough item from your period is Steam or Way printed matter.

Posted Jan 8, 21 18:04 by Gordon Eubanks (gordon)

Storage boxes

Chip I have used Archival Method boxes for years and am very happy with them.

Posted Jan 8, 21 16:44 by David D'Alessandris (davidd)

Hale Marking

yes, it is PENNY POST PAID - typo on my part

RF suggests that it is not a Hale Marking but a New York local post possibly Boyds.  I checked the ASCC and Patton book and don't see anything similar. 

Posted Jan 8, 21 16:09 by Lawrence Gregg (ecovers)

Hale marking

David, Are you sure that it doesn't say "Penny Post Paid"? That is what I see in your scan.

Posted Jan 8, 21 16:07 by Chip Gliedman (cgliedman)

Custom boxes for exhibit page storage

Hi all.

I now have two exhibits that are on 11x17 pages and was in need of a good way to store them. Found that I could get custom clamshell boxes made up at what I felt were a reasonable price.


I picked the "Onyx" clamshell boxes and got the blue ones. Ordered 11.5 x 17.5 x 1.5 inches and find that each stores 3 frames (25) double pages of postal history. Had to order 5, so have 2 extras. If anyone wants them, they're yours for $150 for the pair plus whatever the shipping is (would rather get rid of both together to make packing/shipping easier).

If you want a different color or deeper box feel free to order your own, but you do have to order a minimum of 5 of one size. I would recommend that you don't try to put more than 4 frames in a single box (2-2.5 inches), as they would be pretty heavy.

Just thought that this might be of interest to people here - I'm a happy customer.



Posted Jan 8, 21 10:59 by David D'Alessandris (davidd)

New Hale Marking?

I purchased lot 770 in the recent Siegel sale just to have an example of 75L1 on cover.  When I put the cover under UV, I noticed a faint handstamp marking not listed in the description.  It is very faint, and the scan below is enhanced using photoshop.  It appears to read "PENNY POST PAID" [typo in post corrected] similar to the PP-3 marking in the Gutman book; however, this marking is larger (36 x 3 mm).  Also PP-3 is identified as used in New Bedford MA and there was no reason for this cover (Portland origin, Boston Hale marking to New York) to go through New Bedford.  Is this a new marking?


Posted Jan 8, 21 10:29 by Ken Stach (kenstach)


Thanks, Ken L. I've also had some replies off-board that have been equally as helpful. Best to everyone in 2021.

Posted Jan 8, 21 9:38 by Ken Lawrence (kenlawrence)


APRL has bound volumes. Most volumes are indexed annually. The staff will scan articles on request.

Posted Jan 8, 21 8:03 by Ken Stach (kenstach)

Mekeel's Weekly Stamp News

Does anyone know where one might access (hopefully on line as a PDF) copies of the 1895 issues of Mekeel's Weekly Stamp News? I ask because I have found reference that in 1895 Mekeel published in his magazine the first ever listing of western express handstamps and printed franks. I am doing some research in which that information would be very helpful. Thanks in advance for your responses.

Posted Jan 8, 21 0:13 by Gordon Eubanks (gordon)


I believe that there is at least one other 1cent Stapleton Way marking. It has been a while since I researched it.

The 12 Jul '47 has the 2 inverted in the postmark :-)

Posted Jan 8, 21 0:04 by Bernard Biales (bernard b)

Handelman colonial

Tim, I see your point.  Good observation.  I still wonder about the lack of a NY dater. But your comment basically solves the cover.

Posted Jan 7, 21 22:54 by Bernard Biales (bernard b)

Early 1847

I have never had one that early, but I did have the July 12 from Philly.  I wrote an article pointing out it as EKU there, but more to the point, that it was the earliest use of the GPO issued circular grid.  I also showed the New Bedford 1847 issue grid used at New Bedford on a Columbian.  (I believe the discovery was recently reprised, without credit.)
I like the early use from (Sing Sing?) of the 5 cent without cancel.  It was handled by Doubleday -- perhaps it was illutstrated in the Lounsberry presentation.  I wonder where it is today.
By the Way, Gordon, I really like that Way 1 Cent handstamp.  Certainly of the very nicest way markings and horribly rare too boot (is it unique?)

Posted Jan 7, 21 17:20 by Gordon Eubanks (gordon)

A recent purchase

This is a very early use of a 10 cent 1847 stamp. There are two earlier dates, one on loan to the Smithsonian National Postal Museum.


Posted Jan 7, 21 16:54 by Rob Faux (robfaux)

Recent Addition

I was pleased to pick this item up at the recent Siegel auction as well.  Something that was in Hyzen's collection and was part of a corresondence discussed by Herzog in the Chronicles some years ago.

Some nice balance between the stamp, address panel and markings.

The other item I really wanted got away.  But, that's pretty normal.  Happy to have this one.

Best to all,


Posted Jan 7, 21 16:49 by Rob Faux (robfaux)

Hale & Co

Mark S,

Yep, we are in agreement as to the interpretation.  Mike's comment below is pretty clear and mirrors what you quote from his book here. 

thanks to all for the information.  It is appreciated.


Posted Jan 7, 21 16:41 by Mark Schwartz (schwamoo)

Hale & Co.

Rob, Maybe the best information comes directly from Mike Gutman. On p 115 of the recent Independent Mail book, Mike writes:

"Hale offered local delivery and perhaps pickup services in some of his offices. A customer could prepay for this service or could request that this service be paid by the addressee upon delivery. When paid in advance the "Penny Post Paid" handstamp or manuscript notation was applied to the letter. When the service was to be paid by the addressee, either a "2" or "8" manuscript notation was added to the letter."

Given this, it seems like the most likely conclusion is that the letter was not delivered, but had to be picked up at Hale's office.

Posted Jan 7, 21 12:36 by Rob Faux (robfaux)

Hale & Co

My thanks for the helpful responses and gratitude to Michael Gutman for all of his work on this issue as well as giving the opportunity to someone like me to be a caretaker of one of these items for a time.

So - my interpretation of the item I have is that the adhesive paid for the trip from New Bedford to Boston and there is no indication, other than the address, that it was delivered to the addressee.  Thus, I can only assume it was picked up as no carrier service was paid for as far as is recorded on the cover.

The "Paid" marking at left only references the carriage between New Bedford and Boston.

If I am correct, feel free to straighten me out.  While I don't need to know every detail about Hale & Co, I like to be accurate.


Posted Jan 7, 21 12:30 by Ken Lawrence (kenlawrence)

Telegraph stamp

Did the telegraph stamp on this card secure express delivery?


Posted Jan 7, 21 11:52 by Michael Gutman (mikeg94)

Hale delivery charge

The Hale stamp paid for the transport from one Hale office to another Hale office. If local destination delivery was required the numeral "2" appeared on the cover indicating local delivery had been paid. If the cover was stampless the numeral "8" would appear covering the 6c plus the 2c charge that the addressee had to pay. Most of Hale's offices provided this service but not all.

Posted Jan 7, 21 10:38 by Florian Eichhorn (minatobay)

Express delivered by telegraph office

Posted Jan 2, 21 16:57 by Roger Heath (decoppet)

Florian - Delivery by telegraph offices may have been quite common in Europe.
In Switzerland items arriving during the night were transferred to the telegraph section for early morning delivery since messengers from that section had earlier deliveries than post office carriers. During the day special delivery carriers were available within the post office. Telegraph offices were an integral part of the postal system in Switzerland.

Roger, thanks for the update. I have few inbound express entires to Switzerland, too. Two show that typical octogonal telegraph service datestamp.

NB great embossed seal of the Maltese Order on Your cover!

Posted Jan 7, 21 10:17 by Henrik Mouritsen (dkcollector)

Hale & Co delivery charge

I got really interested in this thread, since I also bought one cover from that sale, and it has a "2" in manuscript next to the stamp. So this "2" indicated a delivery charge!?

I bought it due to the nice quality Hale stamp plus the peace label on the back.


Posted Jan 7, 21 9:55 by Mark Schwartz (schwamoo)

Hale & Co. (2)

And another that indicated that local delivery was paid by the sender.


Posted Jan 7, 21 9:52 by Mark Schwartz (schwamoo)

Hale & Co.

Rob, The stamp itself did not include local delivery. The presence of the address certainly makes on wonder that it may have been delivered to the addressee. I believe that most if not all of Hale's office's did offer that service.The fee would have been 2c. But there are certainly many covers that either indicate that the fee was prepaid and others that more directly say that payment was due. Here is one from Boston to Hartford.


Posted Jan 7, 21 9:39 by Rob Faux (robfaux)

Hale & Co

With the recent sale of the Gutman's Hale & Co material, I had the opportunity to pick up a single example of the independent mail adhesive on a folded letter at a nice price to add to the collection.  Like many (but maybe not all) people who collect, there are images that stuck with me when I was a kid of things I did not think I would ever see, much less own.

An 1847 US stamp.  A Black Jack.  A Roman States Papal Keys issue.  A Penny Black and a Brazilian Bull's Eye.  And... that odd shaped stramp portraying a pile of envelopes from Hale & Co.

So, my motivation was to make sure that since I was in the right place at the right time that I could actually acquire something on that list without taking too much away from my budget of what I prefer to focus on.

This leads me to a clarifying question if someone would be so kind as to enlighten me.  These stamps were printed in sheets of 20 and sold for $1 for a sheet or 6 cents each.  My question pertains to the limits of the service as it stands for the item I show here.
It is my understanding that the stamp indicated payment for carriage from New Bedford to Boston, but did it also include delivery to the addressee in Boston?  Or did that require an extra penny that was paid (as indicated at top left "paid")?

My thanks in advance.


Posted Jan 6, 21 19:59 by Tim Henninger (pälzer)

NY Brit Pkt

Hi Rob,

not mine, but you can see on DASV (RF note - the German philatelic board here) . Thank`s for your support.



Posted Jan 6, 21 17:11 by Rob Faux (robfaux)

NY Brit Pkt


Well, whichever way, it doesn't matter as it is different than what Winter included for British Pkt paid markings.  But, of course, he never did claim he had every marking covered - nor could he. 

Show the whole cover?

Posted Jan 6, 21 14:42 by Tim Henninger (pälzer)

NY Brit Pkt

Hi Rob,

at first I thougt it was type 113 too, but then it was pointed out to me that there is a small point behind YORK. So isn`t it type 115 with - just - another rate added ?

Best regards

Posted Jan 6, 21 13:40 by Rob Faux (robfaux)

NY Brit Pkt


Just a modification of the general form with the rate of the time for an incoming letter.  If you want to classify it you can say it is Winter's 113 with the postal rate added.


Posted Jan 6, 21 11:37 by Richard Frajola (frajola)


My comment about last week of the war obviously was based on the "common" definition: as a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state.

I do not know of any armed conflict (on land at least) after the week of the December 14, 1782 evacuation. The killing of the British Black Dragoon leader (Robins) on the Wednesday prior ny the auuthor of my letter, John Parker, may well be the last casualty in the "armed" portion of the conflict. Still, a very minor facet of the letter and the history.

Posted Jan 6, 21 11:34 by David Handelman (davidh)

1772 cover

Bernard, Tim explained to me that it was almost certainly via Boston, not Philadelphia. At lower right are what seem to be the first two letters of a BOSTON straight line upside down (in pink/magenta/faded red).

Posted Jan 6, 21 10:12 by Steve Walske (steve w)

End of the Revolutionary War

1) GB and USA sign preliminary Articles of Peace at Paris on November 30, 1782

2) GB and France/Spain sign preliminary peace treaty (with an armistice) on January 20, 1783

3) News of this was promulgated in the USA in mid-March 1783. The Falmouth packet "Halifax" left Falmouth on January 21, 1783 and arrived in New York on March 17 - I suspect that this ship carried news of the preliminary Articles of Peace, so orders to left the blockade were issued soon after.

4) US Congress orders the revocation of privateer licenses on March 24, 1783

For my purposes (the British blockade), I have always considered March 17, 1783 as the end of the war.

Posted Jan 6, 21 10:11 by Ken Stach (kenstach)

Full Set of Frajola Auction Catalogs and Net Price Sales

For sale. $250 postpaid to the first responder to this message. Last set I saw sell went for $410 and was missing two catalogs.

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