Details For Cover ID# 26168

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Cover Type: Foreign origin, inbound to USA stampless
Entered by: dwsnow
Added on:Sep 7, 17
Edited on:Sep 8, 17
 
Postmark: Jun 1, 1828
Origin: Norwood, UNITED KINGDOM
Destination: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, UNITED STATES
 
Description:

Example of a 2-cent Philadelphia carrier use prior to the Postal Act of July 2, 1836 establishing carrier services.
Transatlantic letter datedlined "Norwood (England) June 1st 1828". Judging from the contents this letter was first privately carried by ship across the Atlantic by a Mr. Richard Gregson. It is originally addressed to Samuel Pilling of Frankfort, Pa., in the care of Mr. James Bolton, and was deposited at the New York post office where it entered the mails on Aug 9, 1828. No ship fee was paid, and no British markings are present, so the first leg of the journey was entirely out-of-the-mails.

The letter was originally addressed as follows:
"For Mr. Samuel Pilling,
Bleacher, Frankford,
To the care of Mr. James Bolton,
Bleacher, West Farms near 
New York, America
"

A note inside reads:
"Dear Friend, this letter being open when handed to mee (sic) by Richard Gregson, you will excuse me in not writing, I intend to write to morrow.  -James Bolton".

Frankford is now part of Philadelphia, about 6 miles NE of city center. It had its own post office from 1800 to 1863. It appears that the original recipient, James Bolton, crossed out the original address, and re-addressed it on the other side to Samuel Pilling in Philadelphia at his street address, and deposited it at the New York post office.

The then rural village of West Farms in the original address was located in Westchester County, NY (now in the Bronx). The "Bleacher" mentioned is the occupation of the two men; it is "a bleacher of cloth or paper pulp". Information courtesy of David Savadge.

The distance from New York to Philadelphia is about 95 miles, hence the 12-1/2 cent single letter sheet rate (Postal Act of 1816, 80 to 150 miles for 12-1/2 cents). 

Note the "2" (carrier fee) added to the "12-1/2" rating, and the "Paid 14-1/2" at left. Most likely this endorsement was put on by the addressee and not by the carrier himself.

Owner's ID: 1629
 
Certificate? No
For Sale? No
Stampless? Yes